Ninjutsu originated in China in the first centuries of the new era. Called by various names: Yin Sen Shu (a method of disappearing the body), Fa Shu (black arts) and others, it served espionage since ancient times, practiced by secret societies - closed organizations, similar in nature to sects.
After being transferred to Japan in the 7th-8th century, it first developed around Kyoto in the mountainous regions of Iga and Koga. It then spread throughout Japan, but these mountains remain the main center of Ninjutsu. Translated, Ninjutsu means "The Art of Being Invisible" or "The Art of Being Patient."
Ninjas were used to destabilize the enemy, political assassinations, and to deliver vital information about the position of enemy troops that could be decisive in any battle. Superpowers are often attributed to them, which caused fear in the ranks of even the brave samurai. For the ninja, the main weapon was surprise, and of course the fear that the very mention of the word "ninja" evokes. This made them one of the most hated and despised people in Japanese society. The ninjas were not afraid. They were subordinated only to their interests, their best friend was the darkness.
The ninjas were women and men. It often happened that a female ninja (kunoichi) seduced her victim and killed him. The training was hard, sometimes ending in death. Among the skills they possessed were: acrobatics, fencing, hand-to-hand combat, wrestling, climbing, swimming and enduring long underwater, enduring cold and heat, standing still for days, suppressing hunger and more.
The ninjas used a wide range of weapons and devices such as swords, shurikens and chains, most often hidden and arousing suspicion, for example in a stick or on the periphery of a straw hat. In addition, they were experts in the preparation of poisons, potions and bombs. They understood chemistry, physics, astronomy, mathematics and acupuncture. They were also trained in the "art of disguise," which they often used to avoid being seen in cities and to sneak unnoticed into nature. It is believed that the ninja was the first to construct a glider as a device for attacking samurai fortresses.
Designed for both elegance in battle and exquisiteness, the lightsaber, also known as the "laser sword" by those unfamiliar with it, is a distinctive weapon whose image is invariably associated with the Jedi Order and its Sith opponents. The lightsaber is also becoming a symbol of the Jedi principles of peace and justice in the Galaxy. This feeling manages to persist, despite the many conflicts with the City and the Dark Jedi, who use lightsabers.
The weapon consists of a blade of pure plasma emitted by a handle and limited in a force field. The field retains the extreme heat of the plasma, protecting the user of the weapon, and preserves the shape of the blade. The handle is almost always made personally by the user to fit his needs, preferences and style. Due to the weightlessness of the plasma and the gyroscopic effect it creates, handling a lightsaber requires great strength and endurance, and it is extremely difficult and dangerous to use it by someone who is not trained to do so. But in the hands of someone in power, the lightsaber is an awe-inspiring weapon. Handling a lightsaber is a demonstration of exceptional skills and confidence, as well as masterful endurance and handling of the Force.
Mace Windu is a legendary Jedi Master who was a Master of the Order before the Battle of Geonosis, after which he ceded his title to Supreme Master Yoda. A native of Harun Kal, Mace Windu was one of the last members of the Supreme Jedi Council before the Great Jedi Purge. Windu is often seen as the second in the Order after Yoda, although he is eight centuries younger than him. The wisdom and power of Windu are legendary, as is the weight of the words.
Considered one of the most skilled with the lightsaber in the Jedi Order, Windu created the waapad style, the new seventh form of weapon handling that he mastered to perfection. He is the only one who uses this form without going to the dark side of the Force. Windows served the Jedi Order throughout his life and trained several Jedi, including Depa Bilaba and Echu Shen-John.
Mace Windu leads two hundred and twelve Jedi in the Battle of Geonosis arena and kills the famous bounty hunter Jango Fett. He served the Republic during the Clone Wars as a supreme general, often on the front lines of battle. Towards the end of the war, Windu faced Darth Sidious and defeated him in a difficult duel. However, he was later betrayed by Anakin Skywalker and then killed by Sidious - thrown out of the window of the sieve office.
Fighting with lightsabers refers to several different martial arts that specialize in lightsaber fighting (but not limited to it). Special skills are needed for someone to master and take advantage of the specific characteristics of the lightsaber, such as the strange balance of the weapon, the entire weight of which is in the handle, as well as its ability to cut on each side. The most famous lightsaber fighting styles are the seven forms of the Jedi Order, although other organizations have created their own styles and methods.
The various forms of combat owe their unique focus and methods to the eras in which they emerged, as they were often created in response to a new generation of weapon technology. For example, the Makashi form was created at a time when the Galaxy was filled with dark Jedi and other users of the Force, and duels with lightsabers often occurred. Soresu, on the other hand, was created at a time when such duels were rare, and a Jedi was much more likely to face a blaster or other firearm than someone with a lightsaber.
The Millennium Falcon is the famous personal ship of Han Solo and Chewbacca for smuggling. The Falcon began its life as an ordinary cargo frigate YT-1300. Solo wins it from Lando Kalrizian on a card game. The ship experienced many adventures with Solo and Lando and therefore acquired this shattered appearance and played an important role in the Galactic Civil War.
What is the backstory of the Millennium Falcon?
In the year 19 Before Battle of Yavin, the ship was presented in the docks of the Galactic Senate Building shortly after the Battle of Coruscant, landing under a shuttle that brought Anakin Skywalker, Obi-Wan Kenobi and Senator Palpatine into the abyss.
Shortly afterwards, the Falcon suffered critical damage after colliding with an asteroid. The wreckage of the ship dumped in an orbital depot is debris near Nar Shada. After a while, the ship was bought by an enterprising mechanic. Under his ownership, the Millennium Falcon was rebuilt from engine to hull and many different systems were replaced with better hardware. Although the repair is long and complicated, the mechanic does not give up and continues to work on the ship as a test of its dexterity. During operation, some components were replaced with parts from an older YT-1300, which was used for diplomatic missions, but had a similar fate. The mechanic gives the ship its name. The old name of the Falcon is unknown.
The Falcon briefly served its new owner for several years as an ordinary cargo ship before being stolen by a pirate. And so the ship passed through the hands of quite inferior merchants and was bet several times until it fell into the hands of the young Lando Calrissian. The ship's identification number was removed at that time to facilitate his new career as a smuggling ship. Many owners had made their "special modification" and so, when he came to Lando, the Falcon could now overtake almost any ship of its size.
Mustafar is a small planet in the Outer Ring near the Ninth Quadrant.
Mustafar is a volcanic planet where valuable lava resources are extracted. It is also the last capital of the Confederation of Independent Systems and the place where it came to an end when Darth Vader assassinated the leaders of the Separatist Council. Mustafar is also the scene of a fierce duel between Darth Vader and Obi-Wan Kenobi, as a result of which Vader was forced to wear an armored mechanical suit for the rest of his life.
Mustafar is a young planet torn apart by the opposing gravitational forces of the giant gas giants. Locals travel by riding thick-skinned lavlhi to extract natural resources. The Mustafars run smelting facilities built by the separatists.
Manriki-gusari is a traditional Japanese and Chinese weapon with a chain, at the end of which are two weights designed to hit or capture the enemy. Another tactic is to grab the weights with one hand and throw them in the other person's face, which leads to unconsciousness or death. Another possibility is to throw the weapon itself against the opponent, which can cause shock or surprise. In most cases, this weapon is used as a surprise. Usually the manriki-gusari is about 90 cm (three feet) long. This weapon is one of the traditional weapons in the martial art of ninja.
Additional uses of the weapon are, for example, its use as a piercing weapon (spike and chain) in conjunction with the chain weapon. In this use, the chain is longer - about 1.8-3.04 m, with weight at both ends, each of which can be used separately. It is also possible to use both at the same time when the holder places a central handle on the chain.
The Shinai is a bamboo sports equipment simulating a sword. It is used for training in kendo and other martial arts. Usually imitates the Japanese katana sword. In kendo, both the "cutting" part of the shinai and its tip are used for striking. When used for practice, the shinai minimizes the danger of killing and injuring oneself or an opponent, compared to a sword.
Shinai consists of four specially profiled bamboo strips, made up of a square or vertical rectangle and fastened with two pieces of leather, as well as ropes, a handle and a tie, a protective device and its rubber or leather fastener. The bamboo strips are held together on both sides by leather handles and a tip, which in turn are secured with a rope. A tie is used to mark the striking part of the shinai and to ensure a good tension on the rope. Nowadays, variants of carbon fiber are also used instead of bamboo.
The classic version of the hook sword has the following design. The main part of the weapon is made in the form of a steel strip, one end of which is bent in the form of a hook, and the other end at the handle is pointed. In the area of the handle, with the help of two fasteners, a guard in the form of a Moon is attached, with its sharp ends directed outward. The front part of the blade, the concave part of the "moon" and the outer side of the hook were sharpened. The total length of the weapon is about 1 meter.
The Hook Swords were used mainly in pairs (hence the name). They are used to deliver chopping blows, hooks. Chopping and stabbing blows could be applied with the same moon guard, and stabbing - with a sharp end opposite to the hook. Sometimes the inner side of the hook was not sharpened, which allows you to use the grip on this part of the weapon and strike like an ax. It was possible to hook the shuanggou with hooks, and thus suddenly increase the attack distance.
In China, there were many analogs of the hook sword, which had other names due to their design functions. Nowadays, working with this weapon is practiced in some wushu schools, in particular, in Shaolin Quan.
Dao is a type of single-edged cutting weapon occupies a significant place in Chinese weapon classifications. The hieroglyph "Dao" designates a weapon with a curved blade and sharpening on one side. Thus, the prefix dao is added to the naming of knives and sabers.
The Dao sword in ancient China was the most common weapon of the regular army and the wushu. With the development of Shaolin wushu and based on the need to use monks in battle, the sword-dao became one of the most used types of weapons among monks-fighters. A holistic system of sword technique, the Dao, was formed in the Shaolin monastery in the middle and late periods of the Ming dynasty. At the end of the Ming Dynasty, the sword-dao technique of the Shaolin Monastery was widely used in countless battles. Starting from the Qing dynasty, the number of taolu with the sword-dao increased, and the technique of possession was constantly improved.
Shaolin exercises with a sword-dao are distinguished by an abundance of rotations around the head, turns and "sweeping" blows, and such techniques as thrusting, lifting from bottom to top, chopping blows from top to bottom, interceptions and others, made up an integral system of technical actions.
Shuriken is the common name for Japanese concealed weapons designed for throwing. The word shuriken, consisting of the signs "Shu", "Ri" and "Ken", literally translates as "blade hidden in the hand".
There are two main types of shurikens, which are: bo shuriken - long, thin cylindrical rods of various shapes and thicknesses, and shaken - made of flat metal discs.
Undoubtedly, the shuriken is best known as a weapon used by the ninja. Unlike the samurai, throwing weapons were a major arsenal for the ninja, perhaps because the ability to kill the enemy at a distance was entirely in their best interests.
Some of the types of shuriken they wore were:
Wedge-shaped, which they hid in their sleeves and in the saya (Ninja's scabbard) and often smeared with poison or paralyzing substances.
Star-shaped, pyramidal and rectangular, which were often thrown into the ground while escaping to slow down the enemy.
Usually masked killers wore 9 shurikens because they thought that number brought them luck. Smoke or gunpowder firecrackers were often attached to large terra shurikens, using them to cause panic when attacking.
Sai is the name of one of the traditional weapons in Eastern martial arts. Due to the specifics of the time, Chinese peasants were forbidden to carry weapons and they were forced to learn to defend themselves with the permitted agricultural implements. Sai, originally used as an agricultural tool for collecting and moving rice straw and hay, later became one of the few permitted agricultural implements suitable for dual use and as a weapon. It is about 50 cm long trident with a significantly longer middle tooth and usually curved outward lateral teeth. The traditional sai has no cutting blades, only pointed tips.
In the Middle Ages, copying from China and the creation of new techniques for fighting sai began on the island of Okinawa. The masters usually carried three sais, one of which was used as a throwing weapon and the other two for fencing. Like most weapons in Kobudo, the sai is used in pairs in each hand. Contrary to popular belief, the usual sai fighting technique is not similar to the knife technique. Sai is often held back to the base of one of the lateral teeth and is used to protect the forearm against sword blows and the lateral teeth as hooks for gripping it. The strokes are mostly poked with the handle, but there are also twists and blocks, very rarely grabbing the handle. Sai katas and punches are very similar to traditional karate. Sai is considered an integral part of the arsenal of most karate styles.
Nunchaku is used by the populations of China and Japan as a combat weapon, usually 25-35 cm in length, made of solid material, connected by a flexible joint (cord or chain). The rods are traditionally made of wood. Modern nunchucks can also be made of metal, plastic or fiberglass. The cord is connected to the rods (sticks) by threading it through mutually perpendicular channels in the ends of the rods (sticks), and the chain - using metal fasteners. Nunchucks connected by a cord are more popular, as some chains that do not have a welded connection and their fastenings are torn under extreme loads.
Nunchaku is most widely used in martial arts such as Okinawan kobudo and karate, and is used as a training weapon because it allows you to develop faster hand movements and improves posture. In some countries, possession of these weapons is illegal, with the exception of their use in martial arts schools. In the past it was used by the Japanese villagers as defense against a samurai attack.
Kunai is a Japanese weapon originally meant for agriculture in the Tensho Era of Japan. Two well-known varieties of kunai are the short kunai and the large kunai.
Although the kunai is the main tool in the hands of a martial arts expert, it can be used as a multi-purpose weapon, popular until the introduction of firearms. Kunai is usually associated with ninjas who used it to make holes in walls. By attaching the rope to the ring, the user could easily climb walls or trees, which required great accuracy when throwing. The kunai blade was unsharpened from soft iron and was used for digging, forging and breaking wood, plaster and the like, which could probably destroy a tool that had been sharpened or heat-treated.
The kunai used by farmers were slightly smaller than the developed kunai used by ninjas. The kunai was smaller, and there was a small handle with a hole at the top. The farmers inserted their index finger into the hole and grabbed the small handle with their other fingers. The kunai that the ninja used had a larger handle, which allowed them to hold the kunai more effectively. The hole on the kunai was mainly used to tie a rope or rope so that the ninja could hang it by the belt.
Kusarigama is a traditional Japanese weapon that consists of a Kama - a type of Japanese sickle attached to a metal chain (Manriki) with a weight at the end. It is one of the weapons used by the Ninja.
The length of the chain is from about 2.5 to 3 meters. The chain can be attached both to the handle and to the side of the sickle. The handle of the sickle at Kusarigama is usually longer than that of the ordinary Kama.
Most techniques for using Kusarigama are found in Budo and Ninjutsu schools. The weapon is held with both hands, with one gripping the sickle and the other the chain. It (the chain) is thrown at the enemy in order to stun or entangle him with his weapon, after which he immediately attacks with a sickle. The greatest subtlety is the Maki technique (accurate throwing of the chain). The art of using Kusarigama is called Kusarigama-Jutsu.
The Naginata is a Japanese melee weapon with a long handle (about 2 m) with an oval cross section and a curved one-sided blade (about 30 cm), with which the ancient japanese samurai fought.
Over time, a lighter version of the weapon (1.2 - 1.5 m), used in training and has shown better characteristics in combat, has established itself. The first records of the use of Naginata date back to the end of the 7th century. There were more than 400 schools in Japan that taught Naginatajutsu fighting techniques. This was the main weapon of the soldiers. The naginatas were also used by women to protect their homes.
The naginata shaft was made of oak, varnished and often had an oval cross-section, which made it easier to determine the direction of the blade during rapid rotations and interceptions. The blade could be separated from the shaft by a round guard of tsuba. The blades, with the exception of those made for noble customers, were generally inferior in quality to the tips of the spearheads. The shapes of the blades also differed: in some they resembled sword blades, in others they widened towards the end. Forged katana blades were sometimes used as naginata tips.
Kanabo is a samurai weapon of feudal Japan, a type of tetsubo in the form of a metal club with a round handle, which has a thickening with a ring at the end, and, often, supplemented by small unsharpened spikes.
Kanabo, like most weapons of the same type, was constructed from heavy wood or iron, with metal spikes or projections at one end. Its shape was the most varied: it could resemble a baseball bat, tapering from end to handle, or be completely straight from start to finish.
The size of the kanabo ranged from small sticks held with one hand to huge two-handed maces, the size of a person's height (up to 2 meters in length). It was primarily used to break the enemy's armor and cripple the limbs of his war horse. The art of wielding this bulky weapon was called kanabojutsu and consisted of training balance and strength while using the baton.
Chigiriki is a Japanese type of mace used by the ninjas. It consists of about 60 cm wooden handle and 60 - 70 cm metal chain to it, with a ball with a spike at the end of the chain. There are chains that are simply fixed to the top of the rod, and those that are placed in a cavity inside the rod and are called swinging rods. There are uses such as hitting the opponent with a weight or winding to seal the movement. Most techniques for using chigiriki are included in chigiriki-jutsu practices, which is part of the training in araki-ryu koryu - an ancient martial art, founded in early 1570 by Araki Mujinsai Minamoto.
Kodachi is a Japanese sword shorter than Daito (long sword) and slightly longer than tanto. Its blade is 40 to 65 cm long. Its size allowed the samurai to pull it out very quickly. It was used where movements were restricted, or in a body-to-body attack. Preferred weapon by the samurai, who relied mainly on their speed. Very convenient for protection, therefore called "the sword that is a shield".
During the Edo Period, the Tokugawa Shogunate was also allowed to be worn by non-samurai, usually merchants.
Kodachi, unlike Wakizashi, has a fixed length, also the curve of the blade is larger and the handle is longer.
Tanto is a samurai dagger, which was designed and used primarily as a stabbing weapon but also for finishing off opponents, cutting off heads, etc. and never as a knife. The edge can be used for slashing as well. Sometimes tanto was worn in daishho as a second sword. Tantos were used mostly by samurai, but they were also worn by doctors and traders as a weapon of self-defense. High society women sometimes also wore small tantos (called kaiken) hidden in an obi (kimono belt) for self-defense or suicide. A dummy tanto with a wooden is used for training in such martial arts as aikido, judo and karate. According to modern rules in Japan, tanto is recognized as a national cultural treasure - one of the variants of the Japanese sword.