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Kyudo - The Art of Archery

The essence of this martial art, according to its preachers, lies in the spiritual purity and the right attitude of consciousness, as well as in uniting the 3 main elements of kyudo - posture, movement and technique, in perfect harmony. The real shot is not just hitting the center of the target, but the very presence there before the arrow is released. 

There are 8 fundamental steps to a shot according to the philosophy of kyudo:

ASHIBUMI (positioning of the steps),
DOZUKURI (body positioning),
YUGAMAE (bow preparation),
UCHIOKOSHI (lifting the bow),
HIKIWAKE (bow stretching),
KAI (completion of stretching),
HANARE (release of the arrow) and
YUDAOSHI (bow removal).
All these steps must be in constant harmony in order to achieve the ultimate goal of the shot - the arrow to hit the target before it is released.

The bow used in kyudo is made of bamboo sticks and reaches a length of 2 meters. The upper arm is extended at the expense of the lower, as the reason for this is the greater comfort when shooting by a rider. The main material for making the bowstring was an animal tendon, treated in a special way. Nowadays, bows made of normal wood (most often red oak) and synthetic bowstrings can be found.

The rest of the equipment is a hakama, kyudo-gi and a right leather glove. Gi wraps only the left hand of the shooter, so as not to interfere with the aiming and release of the right, and this rule does not apply to girls practicing kyudo.

kyudo

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R2-D2 - The Robot Hero

R2-D2, often referred to simply as Artu, is a droid-astromechanic from the R2 series, manufactured by Industrial Automation before 32 BBY. Inventive and energetic, over the years developing a complete personality. Its cylindrical body contains many mechanical hands, sensors and other tools that can be used for a variety of needs such as cutting, fire fighting, hologram projection, ship repair and flying. Together with its partner, the C-3PO droid protocol, it often finds itself at the center of important moments in galactic history and many times helps save the galaxy. Like other astromechanic droids, the R2-D2 can walk on two legs or move, rolling on a wheel and on three legs.

In 32 BBY, R2-D2 served Nabu's Royal Mechanics aboard Queen Padme Amidala's ship during the blockade of the Trade Federation. Thanks to his repairs on the ship, the queen and the crew managed to overcome the blockade and escape from the occupied planet. Subsequently, R2-D2 began to serve the Queen as a key role in the liberation of Nabu and remained with Amidala for the next ten years, after which she became a senator. After several assassination attempts on Amidala and the appointment of Padawan, Anakin Skywalker as her bodyguard, R2-D2 and C-3PO, joined Genesis and took part in a battle that sparked the Cloning Wars, a large-scale conflict between the Galactic Republic and Confederate systems. Amidala gave Skywalker an R2-D2 when he became a Jedi Knight, and his droid served faithfully during the war, often flying with him to his fighter's astromechanic nest or fighting at the front next to him.

At the end of the war, Skywalker became a Sith lord, Amidala died, the Jedi Order was exterminated, and the Republic became the Galactic Empire. Subsequently, R2-D2 and C-3PO were sent to the ship "Tantiv IV", where the Viceroy of Alderon Bale Organ was used for nineteen years. During this period, although various inclusions outside the Authority's service were to be found, they ruined the gangster Tig Fromm, helped restore the Tomz-an monarchy, and aided the Mungo Baobab trade to restore his family's wealth. After returning to the crew of the Tantive IV, enter Leia Organ from the Rebel Alliance, involved in the Galactic Civil War and in connection with R2-D2, the task of sending a copy of the plans of the Death Star to the Jedi Obi- One Kenobi of Tatooine. After meeting Skywalker's son Luke and smuggler Han Solo, the droids help rescue Princess Leia from the Death Star and become inseparable from them, helping them and the Rebellion win the Empire and restore freedom in the galaxy.

When the Rebellion transforms into a New Republic, R2-D2 continues to serve Luke and in the evening, women Han and Leia Solo, helping them defeat the remnants of the Empire. R2-D2 penetrates Palpatine's Galactic Cannon and uses it to destroy the planet of Emperor Bis. In 17 BBY, he and C-3PO, with the help of young mechanic Cole Fardrimer, condemned the Coruscant bombing. R2-D2 managed to obtain a copy of the Kaamas Document, which allowed peace to be established between the New Republic and the remnants of the Empire. After 25 SBY, the extragalactic race of religious fans known as Yuzhan Wong invaded the galaxy, R2-D2 in a four-year neighboring conflict, at the end of which owner they were defeated. Years later, Luke and Leia establish the mother's identity through holographic recordings that they discover in the droid's memory. R2-D2 remained with them for some time after the last Second Galactic Civil War. The astromechanic remained the property of the Skywalker generations and in 137 SBY helped Cade Skywalker fight the revived Sith Empire.

star wars r2 d2 tall image

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Tokugawa Ieyasu - Samurai and Shogun of Japan

Tokugawa Ieyasu was a Japanese samurai and shogun, founder in 1603 of the Tokugawa dynasty and shogunate, although he actually ruled Japan from 1600 after the Battle of Sekigahara. Officially, his rule ended in 1605, but Tokugawa continued to exercise his power through the so-called "Cloistered rule", but retained his power until his death.

Something interesting about his "shadow ruling"

Despite his formal abdication in 1605 in favor of his son Hidetada, Ieyasu remained the real ruler of Japan from the position of "retired shogun" (ogosho) until his death. During this period he moved to Sumpu, from where he directed the construction of his castle in Edo.
The culmination of the first Edo period was in 1614-1615 when Osaka was besieged. At the time, Hideyori (Ieyasu's son) was living in Osaka Castle, with no apparent ambition to remove Tokugawa from power. However, Ieyasu, who well understands that after his death the heir will continue to be a real danger to his family, manages to find a formal pretext to attack him. Initially, the fighting was on the side of Toyotomi's military units, led by Hideyori, but Ieyasu managed to regain the initiative. His troops, personally led by Shogun Hidetada, managed to permanently surround Osaka Castle, which was captured at the end of 1615. Hideyori, his mother Yodojimi and his heir perform sepuku. Hideyori's wife, Senhime (Ieyasu's granddaughter), is saved. With this event, the Tokugawa clan finally conquered Japan and from that moment on can apply without any restrictions their views on the development of the country.

Statue Tokugawa Ieyasu Tosho Shrine Japan Nikko

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Ahsoka Tano - Anakin's Padawan

Ahsoka was born in 36 BBY of Shili. From an early age she showed abilities with the Force. Ahsoka was discovered and taken to the Jedi Temple by Jedi Master Plo Koon, to whom she is strongly attached. After serious training at the Jedi Temple, Master Yoda sends Ahsoka to the planet Christophsis to become the Paduan of the Jedi Knight Anakin Skywalker. Initially, the young Jedi does not want to hear about Paduan, but Ahsoka helps him save the planet from the droid invasion and saves his life by destroying the deflector shield protecting the droids from the cannoned army's cannons and knocking down a wall on several separatist machines. So Ahsoka won Anakin's trust and he accepted her as his student. Anakin calls Ahsoka mockingly "smart girl" in response to the nickname she gives him - "sky guy" (heavenly boy). When given the opportunity, they blew up part of the hangar of the Jedi Temple. Both several Jedi and defenseless workers were killed. Ahsoka, who is fleeing to the underground city of Coruscant, is blamed for the blasts. Her teacher, Anakin Skywalker, was sent to catch her. After some misfortune and persecution in the underworld, Skywalker manages to catch Tano and she is detained, but Anakin swears to prove the innocence of his Paduan. The investigation leads the Jedi to Dooku's excommunicated student, Asaj Ventres. After his battle with her, he finds out that the culprit for the explosions is indeed a Jedi, but not Ahsoka, but her closest friend - Boris Ofi. Eventually, Skywalker manages to exonerate his Paduan, but Ahsoka is so disappointed that the Jedi Council has admitted that it is her fault that she is reluctant to leave the Order. He then lives in obscurity.

At the beginning of his training at Skywalker, Ahsoka wore a green lightsaber, but later supplemented it with another, slightly shorter than the first. After leaving the Jedi Order, Ahsoka replaced his green swords with white ones, mostly to show that he had nothing to do with the Jedi. Another "weapon" of Ahsoka is the Force used by all Jedi and City.

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Kunoichi - The Female Ninja

Kunoichi were trained differently from male ninja. Their training was more focused on secrecy, knowledge of poisons, and the use of their feminine charm. Although they were trained in close combat, they used these skills only as a last resort, when there was a threat of their exposure and capture. 

They, as a rule, pretended to be geishas, prostitutes, artists, the main thing was to get as close to the enemy as possible. Those whom they seduced did not always become their victims, they could just as well be disguised as domestic slaves and thus receive the necessary information. In addition, the pupils of Mochizuki Chiyome, who served the Takeda clan, were Shinto priestesses - miko.

The Kunoichi can be very dangerous when it comes to manipulation. They reach the incredible extends to control their enemies by obsessing them with sex. Therefore, it is said that beautiful girls in a very young age were chosen to educate them to be Kunoichis. 

kunoichi

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Count Duku - Master Jedi of the Dark Side

Dooku is a Jedi master who crossed over to the dark side of the Force and became the dark Sith Lord Darth Tyrannus. Born on the planet Sereno, he inherited great wealth and the noble title of Count. Dooku was taken from the Jedi Order as a child and became a student of Yoda. As a Jedi Knight, he took Qui-Gon Jin as his first Padawan. Dooku is a respected teacher in the Jedi Temple and one of the most famous in the Galaxy with the lightsaber. Only Masters Yoda and Mace Windu are considered equal to him.

Dooku spent nearly seventy years of his life as a Jedi, but Galidran's fatal battle shook his faith in the Jedi Order and the Galactic Republic. He came under the influence of Senator Nabu Palpatine and left the Order. After learning that Senator Palpatine was in fact the Sith Lord Darth Sidious, Dooku turned to the dark side of the Force and also became a dark Sith Lord, taking the place of Darth Maul as his student. His new master gave him the Sith name Darth Tyrannus.

Dooku regained his birth title of Count of Sereno and his vast wealth, and he and Sidious devised a plan to create a war in the Galaxy to raise the Sith to power. He built ties between corporations and planets dissatisfied with the Republic, and became the leader of the separatist movement, which became the Confederation of Independent Systems. Thousands of systems hoisted the Dooku flag and withdrew from the Galactic Republic.

As the Confederate's political leader, Dooku led it against the Republic in a conflict that later became known as the Clone Wars. He recruited and trained four of his best warriors to lead the separatist army of droids: the Jen'dai Durge bounty hunter, his protégé and dark schoolgirl Assage Ventres, General Sevrance Tan, and General Greaves, the notorious cyborg, the killer of Jedi and Droid Guide.

The culmination of the war was a great battle at Coruscant, the capital of the Republic. In a duel on the separatist ship Invisible Hand, the Jedi Knight Anakin Skywalker defeats Dooku and executes the mutilated Sith, instigated by Chancellor Palpatine, the Sith teacher of Tyrannus. He is quickly replaced by the man who kills him, Anakin Skywalker, who soon turns to the dark side and becomes the fearsome Darth Vader.

count dooku

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The Samurai - Japan's Greatest Warriors

The Samurai are the so-called defenders of Japan, warriors who live by their unwritten law Bushido - the path of the warrior mentioned in the late and early 16th century in Tsunetomo's "Hagakure". An important part of the bushido law was seppuku - a suicide ritual that allowed a shameful samurai to regain his honor by moving to the afterlife, where samurai continue to be guided by the bushido law. The two swords girded around the samurai's waist, as well as the characteristic hairstyle, were a hallmark of the samurai class.

The samurai in their main origins were mostly cavalrymen - horse riders, and their main weapon was: the bow or naginata - a kind of spear with a curved blade. Their armor was lavish and beautiful. Only the samurai helmet was made of metal. The armor called kuzane was made of leather, lacquered wood and silk (unlike its European counterpart). Thus the samurai in battle was agile and light. Kuzane was also adapted to the climate of Japan, which is humid during certain periods.

The ancestor of the term samurai is considered to be Prince Yamato, about whom legends are carried. His strength was exceptional, as was his courage. It is these qualities that are characteristic of the samurai. The idealized image of the samurai includes the willingness to die at any time in favor, protection, or at the will of his master. Not to feel fear, but only regret, as well as to despise material goods.

Samurai

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Yoda - The Most Powerful Jedi

Yoda is one of the most famous and powerful Jedi masters in galactic history. He is known for his legendary wisdom, mastery in Power and his lightsaber skills. Yoda was a member of the Supreme Jedi Council during the sunset of the Galactic Republic and a supreme master of the Jedi Order before, during and after the devastating Clone Wars. Over the centuries in the service of the Galaxy and the Force, Yoda has helped train almost all the Jedi in the Order, including luminaries such as Obi-Wan Kenobi, Ki-Adi-Mundi, and Opo Ransisis, each of whom later stood by him as member of the Council.

66 cm tall, Yoda is a member of a mysterious race, about which he does not reveal details. Yoda served the Jedi Order for centuries, becoming a member of the Jedi Council and later the Supreme Master of the Jedi. He has exceptional skills in handling a lightsaber, most often using rotating and acrobatic forms of the Ataru style. Yoda is a master in all styles of wielding a lightsaber, except in the Seventh-shaped Wapad, and is considered by many to be a sword master.

Although probably the most skilled Master of the Force in the Order, as well as the best warrior, Yoda firmly believes in the importance of training the younger generations and never misses an opportunity to teach his students from their experience. At heart, the little Jedi Master is a teacher. He trained to some extent almost all the Jedi in the Order while he was a master.

After all, Yoda is not sinless. Partly because he failed to understand that Supreme Chancellor Palpatine was behind the Clone Wars and that he was in fact the Sith Lord Darth Sidious, the Republic was crushed and the Jedi Order destroyed. Yoda is one of the few Jedi who survived the Great Jedi Purge of Emperor Palpatine, after which the Jedi Master went into exile on the swampy planet Degoba.

Later, before he died and became one with the Force, in 4 BBY, he trained Luke Skywalker, who, based on what he learned from Yoda, later created the New Jedi Order after defeating the Sith. After his death, Yoda retained his essence in the Force and was revered as one of the most legendary Jedi masters of all time by the Order restored by Skywalker.

Yoda

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The Ninja - One who is feared by all

Ninjutsu originated in China in the first centuries of the new era. Called by various names: Yin Sen Shu (a method of disappearing the body), Fa Shu (black arts) and others, it served espionage since ancient times, practiced by secret societies - closed organizations, similar in nature to sects.

After being transferred to Japan in the 7th-8th century, it first developed around Kyoto in the mountainous regions of Iga and Koga. It then spread throughout Japan, but these mountains remain the main center of Ninjutsu. Translated, Ninjutsu means "The Art of Being Invisible" or "The Art of Being Patient."

Ninjas were used to destabilize the enemy, political assassinations, and to deliver vital information about the position of enemy troops that could be decisive in any battle. Superpowers are often attributed to them, which caused fear in the ranks of even the brave samurai. For the ninja, the main weapon was surprise, and of course the fear that the very mention of the word "ninja" evokes. This made them one of the most hated and despised people in Japanese society. The ninjas were not afraid. They were subordinated only to their interests, their best friend was the darkness.

The ninjas were women and men. It often happened that a female ninja (kunoichi) seduced her victim and killed him. The training was hard, sometimes ending in death. Among the skills they possessed were: acrobatics, fencing, hand-to-hand combat, wrestling, climbing, swimming and enduring long underwater, enduring cold and heat, standing still for days, suppressing hunger and more.

The ninjas used a wide range of weapons and devices such as swords, shurikens and chains, most often hidden and arousing suspicion, for example in a stick or on the periphery of a straw hat. In addition, they were experts in the preparation of poisons, potions and bombs. They understood chemistry, physics, astronomy, mathematics and acupuncture. They were also trained in the "art of disguise," which they often used to avoid being seen in cities and to sneak unnoticed into nature. It is believed that the ninja was the first to construct a glider as a device for attacking samurai fortresses.

The Ninja

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The Lightsaber

Designed for both elegance in battle and exquisiteness, the lightsaber, also known as the "laser sword" by those unfamiliar with it, is a distinctive weapon whose image is invariably associated with the Jedi Order and its Sith opponents. The lightsaber is also becoming a symbol of the Jedi principles of peace and justice in the Galaxy. This feeling manages to persist, despite the many conflicts with the City and the Dark Jedi, who use lightsabers.

The weapon consists of a blade of pure plasma emitted by a handle and limited in a force field. The field retains the extreme heat of the plasma, protecting the user of the weapon, and preserves the shape of the blade. The handle is almost always made personally by the user to fit his needs, preferences and style. Due to the weightlessness of the plasma and the gyroscopic effect it creates, handling a lightsaber requires great strength and endurance, and it is extremely difficult and dangerous to use it by someone who is not trained to do so. But in the hands of someone in power, the lightsaber is an awe-inspiring weapon. Handling a lightsaber is a demonstration of exceptional skills and confidence, as well as masterful endurance and handling of the Force.

The lightsaber

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Mace Windu - The Legendary Master Jedi

Mace Windu is a legendary Jedi Master who was a Master of the Order before the Battle of Geonosis, after which he ceded his title to Supreme Master Yoda. A native of Harun Kal, Mace Windu was one of the last members of the Supreme Jedi Council before the Great Jedi Purge. Windu is often seen as the second in the Order after Yoda, although he is eight centuries younger than him. The wisdom and power of Windu are legendary, as is the weight of the words.

Considered one of the most skilled with the lightsaber in the Jedi Order, Windu created the waapad style, the new seventh form of weapon handling that he mastered to perfection. He is the only one who uses this form without going to the dark side of the Force. Windows served the Jedi Order throughout his life and trained several Jedi, including Depa Bilaba and Echu Shen-John.

Mace Windu leads two hundred and twelve Jedi in the Battle of Geonosis arena and kills the famous bounty hunter Jango Fett. He served the Republic during the Clone Wars as a supreme general, often on the front lines of battle. Towards the end of the war, Windu faced Darth Sidious and defeated him in a difficult duel. However, he was later betrayed by Anakin Skywalker and then killed by Sidious - thrown out of the window of the sieve office.

mace windu samuel L Jackson

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How do Jedi fight with Lightsabers?

Fighting with lightsabers refers to several different martial arts that specialize in lightsaber fighting (but not limited to it). Special skills are needed for someone to master and take advantage of the specific characteristics of the lightsaber, such as the strange balance of the weapon, the entire weight of which is in the handle, as well as its ability to cut on each side. The most famous lightsaber fighting styles are the seven forms of the Jedi Order, although other organizations have created their own styles and methods.

The various forms of combat owe their unique focus and methods to the eras in which they emerged, as they were often created in response to a new generation of weapon technology. For example, the Makashi form was created at a time when the Galaxy was filled with dark Jedi and other users of the Force, and duels with lightsabers often occurred. Soresu, on the other hand, was created at a time when such duels were rare, and a Jedi was much more likely to face a blaster or other firearm than someone with a lightsaber.

jediduel

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The Millennium Falcon

The Millennium Falcon is the famous personal ship of Han Solo and Chewbacca for smuggling. The Falcon began its life as an ordinary cargo frigate YT-1300. Solo wins it from Lando Kalrizian on a card game. The ship experienced many adventures with Solo and Lando and therefore acquired this shattered appearance and played an important role in the Galactic Civil War.

What is the backstory of the Millennium Falcon?

In the year 19 Before Battle of Yavin, the ship was presented in the docks of the Galactic Senate Building shortly after the Battle of Coruscant, landing under a shuttle that brought Anakin Skywalker, Obi-Wan Kenobi and Senator Palpatine into the abyss.

Shortly afterwards, the Falcon suffered critical damage after colliding with an asteroid. The wreckage of the ship dumped in an orbital depot is debris near Nar Shada. After a while, the ship was bought by an enterprising mechanic. Under his ownership, the Millennium Falcon was rebuilt from engine to hull and many different systems were replaced with better hardware. Although the repair is long and complicated, the mechanic does not give up and continues to work on the ship as a test of its dexterity. During operation, some components were replaced with parts from an older YT-1300, which was used for diplomatic missions, but had a similar fate. The mechanic gives the ship its name. The old name of the Falcon is unknown.

The Falcon briefly served its new owner for several years as an ordinary cargo ship before being stolen by a pirate. And so the ship passed through the hands of quite inferior merchants and was bet several times until it fell into the hands of the young Lando Calrissian. The ship's identification number was removed at that time to facilitate his new career as a smuggling ship. Many owners had made their "special modification" and so, when he came to Lando, the Falcon could now overtake almost any ship of its size.

Falcon Millennium

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Mustafar - the fall of Anakin

Mustafar is a small planet in the Outer Ring near the Ninth Quadrant.

Mustafar is a volcanic planet where valuable lava resources are extracted. It is also the last capital of the Confederation of Independent Systems and the place where it came to an end when Darth Vader assassinated the leaders of the Separatist Council. Mustafar is also the scene of a fierce duel between Darth Vader and Obi-Wan Kenobi, as a result of which Vader was forced to wear an armored mechanical suit for the rest of his life.

Mustafar is a young planet torn apart by the opposing gravitational forces of the giant gas giants. Locals travel by riding thick-skinned lavlhi to extract natural resources. The Mustafars run smelting facilities built by the separatists. 

mustafar

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Manriki-gusari - weapon used by the Ninjas

Manriki-gusari is a traditional Japanese and Chinese weapon with a chain, at the end of which are two weights designed to hit or capture the enemy. Another tactic is to grab the weights with one hand and throw them in the other person's face, which leads to unconsciousness or death. Another possibility is to throw the weapon itself against the opponent, which can cause shock or surprise. In most cases, this weapon is used as a surprise. Usually the manriki-gusari is about 90 cm (three feet) long. This weapon is one of the traditional weapons in the martial art of ninja.

Additional uses of the weapon are, for example, its use as a piercing weapon (spike and chain) in conjunction with the chain weapon. In this use, the chain is longer - about 1.8-3.04 m, with weight at both ends, each of which can be used separately. It is also possible to use both at the same time when the holder places a central handle on the chain.

Manriki gusari

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The Shinai - a training weapon in Japan

The Shinai is a bamboo sports equipment simulating a sword. It is used for training in kendo and other martial arts. Usually imitates the Japanese katana sword. In kendo, both the "cutting" part of the shinai and its tip are used for striking. When used for practice, the shinai minimizes the danger of killing and injuring oneself or an opponent, compared to a sword.

Shinai consists of four specially profiled bamboo strips, made up of a square or vertical rectangle and fastened with two pieces of leather, as well as ropes, a handle and a tie, a protective device and its rubber or leather fastener. The bamboo strips are held together on both sides by leather handles and a tip, which in turn are secured with a rope. A tie is used to mark the striking part of the shinai and to ensure a good tension on the rope. Nowadays, variants of carbon fiber are also used instead of bamboo.

Shinai

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The Shaolin Hook Sword

The classic version of the hook sword has the following design. The main part of the weapon is made in the form of a steel strip, one end of which is bent in the form of a hook, and the other end at the handle is pointed. In the area of ​​the handle, with the help of two fasteners, a guard in the form of a Moon is attached, with its sharp ends directed outward. The front part of the blade, the concave part of the "moon" and the outer side of the hook were sharpened. The total length of the weapon is about 1 meter.

The Hook Swords were used mainly in pairs (hence the name). They are used to deliver chopping blows, hooks. Chopping and stabbing blows could be applied with the same moon guard, and stabbing - with a sharp end opposite to the hook. Sometimes the inner side of the hook was not sharpened, which allows you to use the grip on this part of the weapon and strike like an ax. It was possible to hook the shuanggou with hooks, and thus suddenly increase the attack distance.

In China, there were many analogs of the hook sword, which had other names due to their design functions. Nowadays, working with this weapon is practiced in some wushu schools, in particular, in Shaolin Quan.

hook swords

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The Sword of Shaolin

Dao is a type of single-edged cutting weapon occupies a significant place in Chinese weapon classifications. The hieroglyph "Dao" designates a weapon with a curved blade and sharpening on one side. Thus, the prefix dao is added to the naming of knives and sabers.

The Dao sword in ancient China was the most common weapon of the regular army and the wushu. With the development of Shaolin wushu and based on the need to use monks in battle, the sword-dao became one of the most used types of weapons among monks-fighters. A holistic system of sword technique, the Dao, was formed in the Shaolin monastery in the middle and late periods of the Ming dynasty. At the end of the Ming Dynasty, the sword-dao technique of the Shaolin Monastery was widely used in countless battles. Starting from the Qing dynasty, the number of taolu with the sword-dao increased, and the technique of possession was constantly improved.

Shaolin exercises with a sword-dao are distinguished by an abundance of rotations around the head, turns and "sweeping" blows, and such techniques as thrusting, lifting from bottom to top, chopping blows from top to bottom, interceptions and others, made up an integral system of technical actions.

shaolin sword

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Shuriken - blade hidden in the hand

Shuriken is the common name for Japanese concealed weapons designed for throwing. The word shuriken, consisting of the signs "Shu", "Ri" and "Ken", literally translates as "blade hidden in the hand".

There are two main types of shurikens, which are: bo shuriken - long, thin cylindrical rods of various shapes and thicknesses, and shaken - made of flat metal discs.

Undoubtedly, the shuriken is best known as a weapon used by the ninja. Unlike the samurai, throwing weapons were a major arsenal for the ninja, perhaps because the ability to kill the enemy at a distance was entirely in their best interests.

Some of the types of shuriken they wore were:
Wedge-shaped, which they hid in their sleeves and in the saya (Ninja's scabbard) and often smeared with poison or paralyzing substances.
Star-shaped, pyramidal and rectangular, which were often thrown into the ground while escaping to slow down the enemy.

Usually masked killers wore 9 shurikens because they thought that number brought them luck. Smoke or gunpowder firecrackers were often attached to large terra shurikens, using them to cause panic when attacking.

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Sai - a weapon from the Ninja's arsenal

Sai is the name of one of the traditional weapons in Eastern martial arts. Due to the specifics of the time, Chinese peasants were forbidden to carry weapons and they were forced to learn to defend themselves with the permitted agricultural implements. Sai, originally used as an agricultural tool for collecting and moving rice straw and hay, later became one of the few permitted agricultural implements suitable for dual use and as a weapon. It is about 50 cm long trident with a significantly longer middle tooth and usually curved outward lateral teeth. The traditional sai has no cutting blades, only pointed tips.

In the Middle Ages, copying from China and the creation of new techniques for fighting sai began on the island of Okinawa. The masters usually carried three sais, one of which was used as a throwing weapon and the other two for fencing. Like most weapons in Kobudo, the sai is used in pairs in each hand. Contrary to popular belief, the usual sai fighting technique is not similar to the knife technique. Sai is often held back to the base of one of the lateral teeth and is used to protect the forearm against sword blows and the lateral teeth as hooks for gripping it. The strokes are mostly poked with the handle, but there are also twists and blocks, very rarely grabbing the handle. Sai katas and punches are very similar to traditional karate. Sai is considered an integral part of the arsenal of most karate styles.

sai

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18 August 2020
Masutatsu Oyama was born in Korea in 1923 and is the founder of Japan's most famous and widespread karate style in the world. At the age of 9, Mas Oyama learned Chinese kenpo in Manchuria and practice...