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Ninjutsu originated in China in the first centuries of the new era. Called by various names: Yin Sen Shu (a method of disappearing the body), Fa Shu (black arts) and others, it served espionage since ancient times, practiced by secret societies - closed organizations, similar in nature to sects.
After being transferred to Japan in the 7th-8th century, it first developed around Kyoto in the mountainous regions of Iga and Koga. It then spread throughout Japan, but these mountains remain the main center of Ninjutsu. Translated, Ninjutsu means "The Art of Being Invisible" or "The Art of Being Patient."
Ninjas were used to destabilize the enemy, political assassinations, and to deliver vital information about the position of enemy troops that could be decisive in any battle. Superpowers are often attributed to them, which caused fear in the ranks of even the brave samurai. For the ninja, the main weapon was surprise, and of course the fear that the very mention of the word "ninja" evokes. This made them one of the most hated and despised people in Japanese society. The ninjas were not afraid. They were subordinated only to their interests, their best friend was the darkness.
The ninjas were women and men. It often happened that a female ninja (kunoichi) seduced her victim and killed him. The training was hard, sometimes ending in death. Among the skills they possessed were: acrobatics, fencing, hand-to-hand combat, wrestling, climbing, swimming and enduring long underwater, enduring cold and heat, standing still for days, suppressing hunger and more.
The ninjas used a wide range of weapons and devices such as swords, shurikens and chains, most often hidden and arousing suspicion, for example in a stick or on the periphery of a straw hat. In addition, they were experts in the preparation of poisons, potions and bombs. They understood chemistry, physics, astronomy, mathematics and acupuncture. They were also trained in the "art of disguise," which they often used to avoid being seen in cities and to sneak unnoticed into nature. It is believed that the ninja was the first to construct a glider as a device for attacking samurai fortresses.
Manriki-gusari is a traditional Japanese and Chinese weapon with a chain, at the end of which are two weights designed to hit or capture the enemy. Another tactic is to grab the weights with one hand and throw them in the other person's face, which leads to unconsciousness or death. Another possibility is to throw the weapon itself against the opponent, which can cause shock or surprise. In most cases, this weapon is used as a surprise. Usually the manriki-gusari is about 90 cm (three feet) long. This weapon is one of the traditional weapons in the martial art of ninja.
Additional uses of the weapon are, for example, its use as a piercing weapon (spike and chain) in conjunction with the chain weapon. In this use, the chain is longer - about 1.8-3.04 m, with weight at both ends, each of which can be used separately. It is also possible to use both at the same time when the holder places a central handle on the chain.
The Shinai is a bamboo sports equipment simulating a sword. It is used for training in kendo and other martial arts. Usually imitates the Japanese katana sword. In kendo, both the "cutting" part of the shinai and its tip are used for striking. When used for practice, the shinai minimizes the danger of killing and injuring oneself or an opponent, compared to a sword.
Shinai consists of four specially profiled bamboo strips, made up of a square or vertical rectangle and fastened with two pieces of leather, as well as ropes, a handle and a tie, a protective device and its rubber or leather fastener. The bamboo strips are held together on both sides by leather handles and a tip, which in turn are secured with a rope. A tie is used to mark the striking part of the shinai and to ensure a good tension on the rope. Nowadays, variants of carbon fiber are also used instead of bamboo.
The classic version of the hook sword has the following design. The main part of the weapon is made in the form of a steel strip, one end of which is bent in the form of a hook, and the other end at the handle is pointed. In the area of the handle, with the help of two fasteners, a guard in the form of a Moon is attached, with its sharp ends directed outward. The front part of the blade, the concave part of the "moon" and the outer side of the hook were sharpened. The total length of the weapon is about 1 meter.
The Hook Swords were used mainly in pairs (hence the name). They are used to deliver chopping blows, hooks. Chopping and stabbing blows could be applied with the same moon guard, and stabbing - with a sharp end opposite to the hook. Sometimes the inner side of the hook was not sharpened, which allows you to use the grip on this part of the weapon and strike like an ax. It was possible to hook the shuanggou with hooks, and thus suddenly increase the attack distance.
In China, there were many analogs of the hook sword, which had other names due to their design functions. Nowadays, working with this weapon is practiced in some wushu schools, in particular, in Shaolin Quan.
Dao is a type of single-edged cutting weapon occupies a significant place in Chinese weapon classifications. The hieroglyph "Dao" designates a weapon with a curved blade and sharpening on one side. Thus, the prefix dao is added to the naming of knives and sabers.
The Dao sword in ancient China was the most common weapon of the regular army and the wushu. With the development of Shaolin wushu and based on the need to use monks in battle, the sword-dao became one of the most used types of weapons among monks-fighters. A holistic system of sword technique, the Dao, was formed in the Shaolin monastery in the middle and late periods of the Ming dynasty. At the end of the Ming Dynasty, the sword-dao technique of the Shaolin Monastery was widely used in countless battles. Starting from the Qing dynasty, the number of taolu with the sword-dao increased, and the technique of possession was constantly improved.
Shaolin exercises with a sword-dao are distinguished by an abundance of rotations around the head, turns and "sweeping" blows, and such techniques as thrusting, lifting from bottom to top, chopping blows from top to bottom, interceptions and others, made up an integral system of technical actions.